Clifford Laconia Jordan (September 2, 1931, Chicago - March 27, 1993, Manhattan) was a jazz saxophone player.
Jordan had his own sound on tenor saxophone almost from the start. He gigged around Chicago with Max Roach, Sonny Stitt, and some R&B groups before moving to New York in 1957. Jordan immediately made a strong impression, leading three albums for Blue Note (including a meeting with fellow tenor John Gilmore) and touring with Horace Silver (1957-1958), J.J. Johnson (1959-1960), Kenny Dorham (1961-1962), and Max Roach (1962-1964). Jordan also recorded with these musicians.
After performing in Europe with Eric Dolphy and in the 1964 Charles Mingus Sextet, Jordan worked mostly as a leader, but tended to be overlooked since he was not overly influential or a pacesetter in the avant-garde. A reliable player, Jordan toured Europe several times, was in a quartet headed by Cedar Walton in 1974-1975, and during his last years, led a big band.
Clifford Jordan recorded as a leader for Blue Note, Riverside, Jazzland, Atlantic (a little-known album of Leadbelly tunes), Vortex, Strata-East, Muse, Frontier Records, SteepleChase Records, Criss Cross Jazz, Bee Hive, DIW, Milestone, and Mapleshade
The arrival of Clifford Jordan’s big band was not only a milestone for the New York City jazz scene at the opening of the 1990s; it also marked the dawning of a new era in the career of the tenor saxophone giant. “There was a bigger goal than to just have a gig,” Jordan explains. “I’ve been playing some of this music for the last 30 years or longer—the pleasure for me is hearing my music every Monday, and it always sounds different.”
For all too many Americans, the notion of Clifford Jordan composing for and leading a big band is a new one. For while he is one of the most widely recorded artists in jazz, appearing on some 90 albums since his 1957 Blue Note debut, the Chicago-bred veteran is best known as a leader of his own small groups (over the years featuring such players as Barry Harris, Junior Cook, Curtis Fuller, Cedar Walton, Tommy Flanagan, Sam Jones, Billy Higgins, and Jaki Byard) or as a featured soloist with a long list of luminaries including Charles Mingus, Max Roach, Eric Dolphy, Art Farmer, Lee Morgan, Mal Waldron, Dizzy Gillespie, and Carmen McRae.
In Europe, on the other hand, where he lived briefly in 1969 and has toured regularly since the 1970s, Jordan’s big band credentials have been firmly established through his many appearances with radio orchestras in Denmark, Norway, Austria, and Germany. But still, when he was invited by the management of Condon’s to bring in an all-star aggregation and command Monday nights as his own big band showcase, Jordan was handed an opportunity to realize a long-neglected talent. Moreover, when the orchestra was captured live at Condon’s for this release, it signaled Jordan’s first recording as a leader for a major American jazz label since his 1965 Atlantic classic, These Are My Roots: Clifford Jordan Plays Leadbelly.
Born in Chicago in 1931, Jordan started playing piano as a baby. “I’d sit on the pedals and holler,” he remembers, “with the loud pedal on.” At the same time that he was taking music lessons, his passion for horses was accelerating his musical education. The delivery men in his neighborhood—the coal man, junk man, milk man, vegetable man, and ice man—made their rounds with horse-drawn carts and the young Clifford liked to follow them to the local stable. “The black intelligentsia—doctors and lawyers who were sportsmen as well—frequented the stables,” he says, “and that’s where you heard all the good music on the jukebox.” During the summer, Jordan’s family would vacation in a cottage in upstate Michigan, where he recalls the magnetic attraction of the music he could hear from the clubhouse across the lake.
At 13, Jordan took up the saxophone. “When I was 16 I decided this was what I wanted to do,” he says. “I told my mother I wanted to be a saxophone player. She said, ‘Who’s your favorite saxophone player?’ I said, ‘Charlie Parker.’ She said, ‘You know Johnny Hodges?’ She asked, ‘Who do you like on piano?’ I said, ‘Bud Powell’ and she said, ‘Have you heard Erroll Garner?’ Of course I love all those guys.”
Jordan notes that during his years at the fabled Du Sable High School, “playing music granted a preferred status, much like making the basketball or football team in this day and age. It was hip to be a musician, everybody looked up to you. When you had your horn you could go anywhere. A lot of people wanted to be in the band but the instructor wouldn’t let any bad apples in there. Once he detected you couldn’t play he’d kick you out of the band room. He didn’t stand for any foolishness.” Jordan’s first gig was as a leader, playing a dance for five dollars a man, and he went on to a series of R&B and commercial gigs with such Chicago stalwarts as Big Willie Dixon, Jump Jackson, Cowboy Jack Coolie, Cool Breeze, and Jazz Sherrill.
In 1956 he traveled to New York City and almost immediately recorded his first Blue Note album, Blowing in from Chicago, featuring John Gilmore, Horace Silver, Curly Russell, and Art Blakey. “In New York I never could get the rock and roll gigs or commercial gigs I used to get in Chicago,” he recalls, “so I was a little disappointed. They made me a specialist—a jazz saxophone player.” Indeed, Jordan’s immense talents hardly went unnoticed: he was drafted into the bands of Horace Silver, J.J. Johnson, Charles Mingus, and others. He spent nearly seven years with Max Roach, played in the big bands of Lloyd Price and Clark Terry, and struck up a long musical association with Art Farmer: “He used to say, ‘We’re friendly but our horns love one another.’”
It was Horace Silver who encouraged Jordan to write more of his music. “When I joined his group,” Jordan remembers, “he said, ‘By the way, bring two tunes.’ ‘Man, I can’t even read music and you want me to write some?’ Everything I wrote was simple.” Around 1960 he began composing his first orchestral pieces. “I didn’t try to follow anybody’s pattern,” he explains. “I just wrote what I felt. Some people could write to make it sound like Gil Evans, Duke Ellington, or Glenn Miller, but I always thought it was just better to write original music.” Still, Jordan remains modest about his contributions: “I’m not one who just paints on music paper. I leave a lot of leeway for performing—if I were to tell players exactly what to do I’d hate the music.”
Since the late 1960s, Jordan has been active in a variety of forms of jazz education, from presenting concerts and lectures in the New York public schools and teaching flute and saxophone for Jazzmobile to serving as the first Musical Director of Dancemobile and faculty member at the Henry Street Settlement. His world travels have included tours of West Africa and the Middle East with Randy Weston in 1967 and a 1980 Independence Day concert in Senegal with Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke, and others. In 1984, he was named a “BMI Jazz Pioneer.”
While the Jordan discography is still dominated by combo recordings, including relatively recent releases with Freddie Redd, Art Farmer, Carol Sloane, John Hicks, Richard Davis, Vernel Fournier, and David “Fathead” Newman, his current passion is obviously the Monday night big band. “Hopefully the big band will come back,” he says, “because there are too many musicians out here for everybody to have little quartets and quintets,” adding with a laugh, “my band is three quintets, that’s the way I look at it.”
Clifford Jordan died March 27, 1993.