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Progressive rock classic rock rock Progressive british

    Yes is a British band which formed in London, United Kingdom in 1968. They are best known for 1970's "I've Seen All Good People", the 1972 9-minute US Top 20 smash "Roundabout" and their 1983 #1 hit "Owner of a Lonely Heart". Despite many lineup changes, occasional splits and the influence of the many changes in popular music, the band has endured for 40 years and still retains a strong international following. Their music is marked by sharp dynamic contrasts, lush harmonies, often extended song lengths and a general showcasing of members' instrumental prowess. Arguably one of the most musically ambitious bands of their genre, Yes manages to use symphonic and other so-called "classical" structures with their own blend of musical styles - including some innovations - in a happy constructive "marriage" of music.

    The original line-up consisted of Jon Anderson (vocals), Chris Squire (bass, vocals), Peter Banks (guitar, vocals), Tony Kaye (keyboards), and Bill Bruford (drums). Personnel changes brought musicians Steve Howe and Rick Wakeman into the group in 1970 and 1971 respectively. Steve Howe appears on the cover of Time and a Word, even though soon-to-be-ousted Pete Banks is the guitarist on the album. Alan White then replaced Bill Bruford in 1972. These changes had arguably the biggest influence on their music and subsequent success. The early 1970's saw Yes as one of the few influential mainstream progressive acts.

    For some fans, the double-album, four-track 1973 recording Tales from Topographic Oceans - symphonic and oddly mystical, marked a point of departure. It generally received a critical mauling in the press yet went straight to No. 1 in the UK album charts. Those listeners taken by the Tales album would be enthralled by 1974's Relayer - the only album that Patrick Moraz played keyboards on - which mixed progressive rock and a jazz fusion style that at times was very free in tunes such as "The Gates of Delirium". Far from their pop beginnings, this album marked a milestone for the band and for progressive rock as a whole.

    During the rise of the progressive genre, Yes pioneered the use of synthesizers and sound effects, gaining large popularity with their unique brand of mysticism and grand-scale compositions. Fragile (1971) and Close to the Edge (1972) are considered their best works - symphonic, complex, cerebral, spiritual and moving. These albums featured beautiful harmonies and strong, occasionally heavy playing. Also, Fragile contained the popular hit song "Roundabout". With the advent of punk in 1977, many considered progressive rock dead in the water. Yes, however, proved them wrong by releasing one of their most successful albums - Going for the One, which contained "Awaken", a rhythmic tour-de-force.

    In 1979, Anderson and Wakeman left the band after unsuccessful recording sessions in Paris. Trevor Horn and Geoff Downes (from the new-wave band The Buggles of "Video Killed the Radio Star" fame) were recruited to replace them, and the band recorded Drama, their first album without Anderson on vocals. The resulting sound was much heavier than previous albums, particularly the opening track Machine Messiah, and a strong synth-pop influence due to the involvement of Downes and Horn, which drew some criticism and the dismissive label "Yuggles". While the new Yes was well-received in America, the band encountered more hostile audiences in England. The group split up in 1981.

    The band reformed in 1983 with a new lineup featuring Squire, White, South African guitarist Trevor Rabin, and the return of Jon Anderson on vocals and Tony Kaye on keyboards. This line-up, which was eventually nicknamed "Yes West", recorded 90125 and Big Generator and enjoyed a resurgence in popularity. During these years, Yes championed digital sampling technologies and sold millions of records, influencing a generation of digital musicians with hits such as "Owner of a Lonely Heart" and "Rhythm of Love".

    By the end of the 1980s, Jon Anderson formed a side project with former Yes members Steve Howe, Rick Wakeman and Bill Bruford, releasing Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe in 1989. This led to a merger in 1990 and the album Union and the following tour with all 8 members. However, while the tour and album were commercial successes, many of the band members were dissatisfied with the album. Union was comprised of a demo recorded by the "Yes West" lineup attached to what was originally recorded as the second Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe album, and was finished using session musicians. Bruford has disowned the album entirely, and Wakeman was reportedly unable to recognise any of his keyboard work in the final edit.

    The "Yes West" lineup went on to release Talk in 1994, but sales were poor, and in 1995 Rabin and Kaye left the band. Howe and Wakeman re-joined to produce the albums Keys to Ascension in 1996 and Keys to Ascension 2 in 1997, which featured both live performances and new studio tracks, returning to their progressive style of the 1970s. Wakeman left the band shortly thereafter due to disagreements about the albums and tour.

    The band collaborated with Billy Sherwood to produce the album Open Your Eyes in 1998, and Sherwood became an official member at the end of the sessions due to his significant contributions. Igor Khoroshev also performed on a few tracks and performed on the following tour, eventually becoming a full member as well.

    Moving through the 1990s and into the new millennium, the band has moved back towards progressive influenced music and today keeps pushing the boundaries by using the latest hard-disk recording techniques.

    In 1999 they worked with Relic Entertainment, providing the song "Homeworld (The Ladder)" for the PC game Homeworld. Although Sierra Entertainment later released a CD with the soundtrack they, for no apparent reason, chose not to include this song on the CD. It can however be found on the 1999 album The Ladder.

    After the departure of Sherwood in 2000 and Khoroshev in 2001, Yes recorded Magnification in 2001 without a keyboardist, instead featuring a full orchestra. Rick Wakeman re-joined the band the next year, and in 2003 the band recorded five tracks that were added as a 3rd CD in the compilation Ultimate Yes: 35th Anniversay Collection, including acoustic versions of "Roundabout" and "South Side of the Sky".

    In 2008, when the band was about to begin their 40th anniversary tour, Jon Anderson suffered from a throat infection and was unable to participate. Benoit David, from Canadian Progressive Rock band Mystery and Yes tribute band Close To The Edge, was recruited to fill in on vocals for the tour. In 2009, he was named as Anderson's permanent replacement. Rick Wakeman's son Oliver Wakeman also joined the band on keyboards.

    The band recorded Fly From Here in 2011, their first new album in 10 years, with David on vocals and Trevor Horn as producer. Before the album was completed, Wakeman was replaced by Geoff Downes, bringing together the Drama lineup and a similar sound. The title track was originally conceived in 1981, and it was refined and extended into 20-minute six-part epic.

    In February 2012, after contracting a respiratory illness, David was replaced by Glass Hammer vocalist Jon Davison who, like David, was discovered while fronting a Yes cover band. In 2014, Yes released Heaven & Earth with Davison performing vocals.

    On May 19, 2015, Chris Squire announced that he would be unable to join the band on their North American tour with Toto due to being diagnosed with Acute Erythroid Leukemia (AEL), an uncommon form of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Billy Sherwood would perform with the band in his place.

    On June 28, 2015, Yes released the following announcement:

    It’s with the heaviest of hearts and unbearable sadness that we must inform you of the passing of our dear friend and Yes co-founder, Chris Squire. Chris peacefully passed away last night (27 June 2015) in Phoenix, Arizona.

    RIP Chris Squire 1948-2015



    Studio albums
    Year Album details Peak chart position Certifications
    (sales thresholds)

    1969 Yes - - - - - - - -
    1970 Time and a Word 45 - - - - - - -
    1971 The Yes Album 4 40 - - 15 - - -
    Fragile 7 4 - - 12 - - -
    1972 Close to the Edge 4 3 - - 1 - - -
    1973 Tales from Topographic Oceans 1 6 - 8 13 - - -
    1974 Relayer 4 5 - 18 14 - - -
    1977 Going for the One 1 8 - 7 10 10 - -
    1978 Tormato 8 10 - 9 14 18 - -
    1980 Drama 2 18 - 11 15 19 - -
    1983 90125 16 5 3 8 2 7 9 -
    CAN: 2× Platinum
    1987 Big Generator 17 15 22 - 21 14 - -
    1991 Union 7 15 16 - 13 32 - -
    1994 Talk 20 33 29 - 31 31 - -
    1996 Keys to Ascension (live/studio) 48 99 - - - - - -
    1997 Keys to Ascension 2 (live/studio) 62 159 - - - - - -
    Open Your Eyes 105 151 - - - - - -
    1999 The Ladder 36 99 - - - - - -
    2001 Magnification 71 186 - - 81 - - -
    2011 Fly from Here
    2014 Heaven & Earth

    Yes faf6086ae798438b81dfc1ea04b1b58e Yes 493780a9e2c44a08997575785c0da28d Yes 0dc33499c7e140a19c45befb91579d35 Yes 91a19c86b5de451cc573606bfe850118 Yes 9812132cc95649c5827c837f430b12df Yes ea19fc3350d0412eab5b5fc1a251600d Yes 5b971d0fcf044f5fa1c0c5e6cc131b27 Yes 08ffb5ee2c924e80aaaac4f85bd63e19 Yes 1b9586d234634e4b8b483a8bd5d7ff42 Yes 49d66c3278e54ec1a9565d40b478b610 Yes f73459f72e724299a0368a07e559513e Yes f7ae4fd6c73e472f802f08f95a97bf54 Yes 02523d0c8edb4678b6fd2d73a67d4f0a Yes f809b265ad0042e49e773d6072889b78 Yes 171d0c28a6bf411ca15f9c042d225476 Yes 65f367ec061d4bc88a6435e1942fb9ea Yes 39f45c4c2c6e489ea9cdd47e0eda4ef5 Yes 6aaeda99642c4e5292eb53b1c99ccc59 Yes b9b71f6e57294c2c872c347de5c002ad Yes 631e466662374125baf25bbaaafa6bd7 Yes e03745d1c85649acab7baee8d0939a89 Yes be241316d569496ba8e28ef4a28dfc6d Yes 9484b98b0ea34caba81bbc24dca566c0 Yes d466f22278c64b309126823c5beb123f Yes 5a52f86c67914810ae1f3ec2b74eeef5 Yes b6271c4efd6b4898aa6e34f26c5ddfe6 Yes 6e85c5fea6badb11119899c72ba1146c Yes a786168306167f2282eec81473196dfc Yes 90123192f0ab47daa99093ab80b7ebed Yes c70520625c8c48388f4e412da45541b1 Yes a797567829174f7a878436d5a21cbb3d Yes ba150c3384b84f04b654ddb6c8c499a6 Yes a8ab6d612f1c42ae98b7e1419b2b672f Yes 364220e842aa4c84cca1b8b15447ef71 Yes b92cd13c6bb42030949acf057837f6d0 Yes a5260464a1ae4b11ea36f0ab36152e15 Yes 5418d4dddea44d70cdb9738e68df1571 Yes cda4447d1ea9ef524f227862bff4dead Yes bbbcde5450dc3dde9bf5d0f3c900fbdb Yes b1974583131eb3448259f0321cf7c8e0