You need flash!
no cover -  

Ornette Coleman

jazz free jazz Avant-Garde saxophone experimental

    Ornette Coleman (March 9, 1930 - June 11, 2015) was an American , , , and . He was one of the founders and major innovators of the 1960s movement and one of the most notable figures in jazz history.

    Coleman was born in 1930 in Fort Worth, Texas where he participated in his high school band until being dismissed for improvising during "The Washington Post" march. He began performing rhythm and blues and bebop, initially on tenor saxophone. He later switched to alto, which has remained his primary instrument. Coleman's timbre is perhaps one of the most easily recognized in jazz; his keening, crying sound draws heavily on the blues. Part of the uniqueness of his sound came from his use of a plastic saxophone on his classic early recordings (Coleman claimed that it sounded drier, without the pinging sound of metal), though in more recent years he has played a metal saxophone.

    Coleman is most famous for his albums The Shape of Jazz to Come (1959), Free Jazz (1961), and Skies of America (1972). In The Shape of Jazz to Come, he and his famous quartet, consisting of Don Cherry on trumpet, Charlie Haden on upright bass, and Billy Higgins on drums, play solos free of a chordal structure, due in part to the absence of the pianist or guitarist that had been traditional in jazz. On Free Jazz, Coleman brings together his quartet from the previous album, together with multi-instrumental reedist Eric Dolphy, trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, bassist Scott LaFaro, and drummer Ed Blackwell for a forty-minute double-quartet recording. This recording was perhaps his most controversial because it featured dense instrumentation with only brief and dissonant moments of composition, allowing for horn players to chime in to accompany the soloist, and because it contributed the name "Free Jazz" to the avant-garde jazz movements of the 1960s. Skies of America is Coleman's first symphony, recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra. Coleman can be heard playing on this recording, beginning with the movement "The Artist in America".

    In the 70s, Coleman, like Miles Davis before him, took to playing with electrified instruments. The 1976 jazz-funk album Dancing in Your Head, Coleman's first recording with the group which later became known as Prime Time, prominently featured electric guitars. While this marked a stylistic departure for Coleman, the music maintained certain similarities to his earlier work. These performances had the same angular melodies and simultaneous group improvisations – what Joe Zawinul referred to as "nobody solos, everybody solos" and what Coleman called 'harmolodics' – and although the nature of the pulse was altered, Coleman's rhythmic approach did not. Harmolodics encompassed the central musical approach of Coleman's later period, and he has explained it variously in depth, particularly in an interview with the WIRE magazine 257, July 2005 issue.

    In the 1980s, albums like Virgin Beauty and Of Human Feelings continued to use rock and funk rhythms, sometimes called . Jerry Garcia played guitar on three tracks from Coleman's 1988 album Virgin Beauty: "Three Wishes", "Singing in the Shower", and "Desert Players". Coleman joined the Grateful Dead on stage once in 1993 during "Space", and stayed for "The Other One", "Stella Blue", Bobby Bland's "Turn on Your Lovelight", and the encore "Brokedown Palace". Another collaboration was with guitarist Pat Metheny, with whom Coleman recorded Song X (1985); though released under Metheny's name, Coleman was essentially a co-leader, having contributed to all the compositions.

    In 1991, Coleman played on the soundtrack for David Cronenberg's Naked Lunch; the orchestra was conducted by Howard Shore. It is notable among other things for including a rare sighting of Coleman playing a jazz standard: Thelonious Monk's blues line "Misterioso". The mid-1990s saw a flurry of activity from Ornette: he released four records in 1995 and 1996, and for the first time in many years worked regularly with piano players (either Geri Allen or Joachim Kühn).

    In September 2006 a live album titled Sound Grammar with his newest quartet (Denardo drumming and two bassists, Gregory Cohen and Tony Falanga) was released. This was Coleman's first album of new material in ten years, and was recorded in Germany in 2005. It eventually won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for music, making Coleman only the second jazz artist to win the prize.

    Coleman continued to push himself into unusual playing situations, often with much younger musicians or musicians from radically different musical cultures. An increasing number of his compositions, while not ubiquitous, have become minor jazz standards, including "Lonely Woman", "Peace", "Turnaround", "When Will the Blues Leave?", "The Blessing", "Law Years", "What Reason Could I Give" and "I've Waited All My Life". He has influenced virtually every saxophonist of a modern disposition, and nearly every such jazz musician, of the generation that followed him. His songs have proven endlessly malleable: pianists such as Paul Bley and Paul Plimley have managed to turn them to their purposes; John Zorn recorded Spy vs Spy (1989), an album of extremely loud, fast, and abrupt versions of Coleman songs. Finnish jazz singer Carola covered Coleman's "Lonely Woman" and there have even been progressive bluegrass versions of Coleman tunes (by Richard Greene).

    Ornette Coleman died of a cardiac arrest at the age of 85 in New York City on June 11, 2015. His funeral was a three-hour event with performances and speeches by several of his collaborators and contemporaries.

    Ornette Coleman 1188917ee65e471cbcf8f5ab255cc1c6 Ornette Coleman 1165e15229a24ddc85ea161d217911e0 Ornette Coleman 2a5076066efe953221d2c5365a649838 Ornette Coleman d9ecaf1a3da7400aaa75b29fc8a5098c Ornette Coleman 295a31bf47f74b52b577ab393897de4a Ornette Coleman c9a0e29643a94ea7b0a038551100324d Ornette Coleman 054cdabed99b4100ab81690ed78df587 Ornette Coleman 0e43017337cb4acaaec429ff81c2cd51 Ornette Coleman 43599a83c8881729242a41c4fc02ff26 Ornette Coleman 2e925f53babcd5c5d937cf0e84680522 Ornette Coleman 5816c646d306a77e70ae1f4941ce3b38 Ornette Coleman f71cc93270561f6a2bd0df444ff286c4 Ornette Coleman fa0b8e96b704b836b115b71007e237ea Ornette Coleman 1059e7670d8d4058acb47ea8c16ce0aa Ornette Coleman 8f93d7258390294e809443e7f992162b Ornette Coleman 17bf6eeba16aee9043ba54e85f526a48 Ornette Coleman 491378ab1f6f4f95856d9b676d59bd42 Ornette Coleman 9d2141067c3933450f8ca9668de88f3e Ornette Coleman 860e47b3199569e9cc730e59e425052b Ornette Coleman d993a99f6dd1268beaa17c2d456acd2a Ornette Coleman 419ec108a6c341cfb88d7205a1fd9c12 Ornette Coleman c3c2677303194b479b38b6f3187207b7 Ornette Coleman 964e3dea07917e3a3c0503ddf289432f Ornette Coleman d2722c84c317c145e754d8e785b2c628 Ornette Coleman 3d945b16a7f0f938e4f484209570dc9b Ornette Coleman 6cc0972935114ccb2e625a7bd6e2d504 Ornette Coleman 3f8513babfcf4b2de85289c8f515200c Ornette Coleman 7aff8a22a31c4d88bca2d31c829d1a2e Ornette Coleman 73fb32545b1345e184990a740c8c21cc Ornette Coleman e67d195b3fa14683a5f2d52f3cc0e4a3 Ornette Coleman 2162af5cbcd14ae6ab439a67c93cdc8d Ornette Coleman e6809b5fa13df4f19b0ce078971be936 Ornette Coleman 7649813a5a844052ad43b84f65e89e6d Ornette Coleman e5d8914fae6a48a38ef700762066d48a Ornette Coleman 60d95ebb12c2485aa421554577972007 Ornette Coleman 113e08cb13294da9bfb59c4f98d58e55 Ornette Coleman 6d14e2aaeaa84535a6d354141cc6085d Ornette Coleman 4e09a5d61a1c4c80a0ff64f73244961e Ornette Coleman cd7e10230cf64788a603853ba29a667d Ornette Coleman 264e351225ec4d4aa933cba6a36c133d